Workers are protected from sexual harassment in the workplace which is why they should be familiar with sexual harassment refers to so they can better protect themselves from it. Sexual harassment does not have to be tolerated and workers should know that.
Sexual harassment refers primarily to two broad categories of behaviors that are prohibited in the workplace. One type of sexual harassment is quid pro quo sexual harassment and the other type of sexual harassment is hostile workplace sexual harassment. The circumstances that constitute each are different but both are prohibited in workplace. Quid pro quo sexual harassment occurs when an employer or supervisor, commonly in a position of authority, requires the worker to tolerate sexual harassment to obtain or keep a job or a job benefit such as a promotion or raise.
On the other hand, sexual harassment can also occur in the workplace when the sexually harassing behavior creates a hostile work environment for the employee to work in. When determining if a hostile work environment has been created, the court may evaluate whether the conduct complained of was verbal, physical or both; the frequency of the conduct complained of; if the conduct complained of was hostile or patently offensive; if the party harassing the worker was a supervisor or a co-worker; if others were involved in the harassment; and who the harassment was directed at.
Employment law protects workers from a variety of unwanted behaviors in the workplace, illegal actions by employers and provides other important worker protections. Sexual harassment is one of the behaviors prohibited in the workplace that workers are protected from which is why they need to be familiar with what it is.